US Bank Tower
The US Bank Tower, formerly the Library Tower and First Interstate Bank World Center, is askyscraper located at 633 West Fifth Street in downtown Los Angeles. It is the ninth-tallest building in the United States, the tallest North American skyscraper west of the Mississippi River, the tallest building in California, and the tallest building with a helipad on the roof (this is required by the citybuilding code). Rising 1,018 feet (310 m) in height, it is also the 39th-tallest building in the world as of December 2009. Until the construction of Taipei 101, it was also the tallest building in a major active seismic region; its structure was designed to resist an earthquake of 8.3 on the Richter scale. It consists of 73 stories above ground and two parking levels below ground. Construction began in 1987 with completion in 1989. The building was designed by Henry N. Cobb of the architectural firm Pei Cobb Freed & Partners and cost $350 million to build. It is one of the most recognizable buildings in Los Angeles, often used in establishing shots for the city in films and television programs.
The building is also known as the Library Tower due to its location across the street from the Los Angeles Central Library, visible from most tour vans Los Angeles, it was built as part of the $1 billion redevelopment of the Library following two disastrous fires in 1986. The City of Los Angeles sold air rights to the developers of the tower to help pay for the reconstruction of the library. The building was also known for a time as First Interstate Bank World Center after being bought by First Interstate Bank. After First Interstate merged withWells Fargo Bank the name Library Tower was restored. In March 2003 the property was leased byU.S. Bancorp and the building was renamed U.S. Bank Tower. Residents, however, generally continue to refer to it as the Library Tower.